The name Ibirapuera means "rotten tree" in Tupi language, from the native village located in this marshy area known today as Ibirapuera Park.

After 27 years of soil drainage by planting eucalyptus the most important urban park of Sao Paulo was opened in 1954 in celebration of the 400th city’s birthday. With almost 2 square kilometers in area, three lakes, bike paths, sports facilities and jogging tracks, the Ibirapuera Park is considered the beach of Sao Paulo.

The architectural complex of Ibirapuera Park designed by Oscar Niemeyer is home to major museums as the Oca, the Afro Brasileiro Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Ibirapuera Auditorium, plus it is the headquarters of Sao Paulo Art Biennial and of two significant monuments: the Obelisco, symbol of the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932, and the Monumento às Bandeiras of the sculptor Victor Brecheret, representing the union of the various ethnic groups (Portuguese, blacks, mamelucos and natives) all who have brought progress to the state of Sao Paulo during the sixteenth century, on the historical movement known as ‘bandeiras.
The monument is popularly called “Deixa Que Eu Empurro”(Let Me Push It), by the fact that the characters at front of the vessel do not really seem to be making an effort to move it. The only figure that seems to be struggling is the last one, a native who pushes the boat by himself.