In the 1820s a man called Antonio Bexiga (Bexiga means Blister, and his was due to smallpox) bought the lands of the Jabuticabeiras Ranch, which later interested the poor newcomers Italian immigrants. Thus it was formed the Bixiga Area at Bela Vista district, which gained importance from its Italian tradition, religion and cuisine, besides the typical Italian accents explored in the music of Adoniran Barbosa.

Although it does not officially exist in the administrative city map, Bixiga is one of the most traditional neighborhoods of Sao Paulo, home to historic sites such as the Itororó Village, the Dona Yaya’s House, the Rua Jandaia Arches, the Teatro Oficina, the Spectacles Museum and the Escadaria do Bixiga, besides the traditional Nossa Senhora Achiropita Feast.

The Bixiga Area was highlighted in the samba compositions by Geraldo Filme, and is home to the headquarters of Vai-Vai samba school, the city’s oldest, and that performed street rehearsals at the neighbourhood until 2006.